Satin

  


Satin is a weave that typically has a glossy surface and a dull back. Satin weaves, twill weaves, and plain weaves are the three basic types of weaving by which the majority of woven products are formed.


Twill

  


Twill is a type of textile weave with a pattern of diagonal parallel ribs (in contrast with a satin and plain weave). Because of this structure, twills generally drape well.

There are even-sided twills and warp-faced twills. Even-sided twills include foulard or surah, herringbone, houndstooth, serge, sharkskin, and twill flannel. Warp-faced twills include cavalry twill, chino, covert, denim, drill, fancy twill, gabardine, and lining twill.


Poplin

  


Poplin, also called tabinet (or tabbinet), is a strong fabric in a plain weave of any fiber or blend, with crosswise ribs that typically gives a corded surface.[1] It is now made with wool, cotton, silk, rayon, or any mixture of these.

Poplins are used for dress purposes, and for rich upholstery work. They are formed by using coarse filling yarns in a plain weave. Shirts made from this material are easy to iron and do not wrinkle easily.


Yarn-dyed

    


(Dyeing) (of fabric) dyed while still in yarn form, before being woven.


Denim

    


Denim is a sturdy cotton twill textile in which the weft passes under two or more warp threads. This twill weaving produces the familiar diagonal ribbing of the denim that distinguishes it from cotton duck.

It is a characteristic of any indigo denim that only the warp threads are dyed, whereas the weft threads remain plain white. As a result of the warp-faced twill weaving, one side of the textile then shows the blue warp threads and the other side shows the white weft threads. This is why blue jeans are white on the inside. This type of dyeing also creates denim's fading characteristics, which are unique compared to every other textile.


Calico

    


Calico (in British usage, 1505,[1] AmE "muslin") is a plain-woven textile made from unbleached, and often not fully processed, cotton. It may contain unseparated husk parts, for example. The fabric is less coarse and thicker than canvas or denim.

Bengaline is a woven fabric with wide, raised crosswise cords or ribs that create a sturdy texture. It may be made of natural textiles, such as cotton, wool or silk, or from synthetic fibres, such as rayon or nylon;

it also often is made of a combination of two different materials. The many possibilities can result in a light or a heavy fabric, but the ribbing almost always gives bengaline a sturdy feeling. It is therefore useful for trim on Clothing or for making coats, suits and dresses.


Linen

    


Linen is a textile made from the fibers of the flax plant, Linum usitatissimum. Linen is labor-intensive to manufacture, but when it is made into garments, it is valued for its exceptional coolness and freshness in hot weather.


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